## Measurements of top-quark pair to Z-boson cross-section ratios at √s=13, 8, 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector M. Aaboud, G. Aad, B. Abbott [et al.]

Material type: ArticleSubject(s): ATLAS, детектор | верхние кварки | Z-бозоны | протон-протонные столкновенияGenre/Form: статьи в журналахOnline resources: Click here to access online In: Journal of high energy physics № 2. P. 117 (1-53)Abstract: Ratios of top-quark pair to Z-boson cross sections measured from proton-proton collisions at the LHC centre-of-mass energies of s√=13s=13 TeV, 8 TeV, and 7 TeV are presented by the ATLAS Collaboration. Single ratios, at a given s√s for the two processes and at different s√s for each process, as well as double ratios of the two processes at different s√s , are evaluated. The ratios are constructed using previously published ATLAS measurements of the tt¯tt¯ and Z-boson production cross sections, corrected to a common phase space where required, and a new analysis of Z → ℓ++ℓ−− where ℓ = e, μ at s√=13s=13 TeV performed with data collected in 2015 with an integrated luminosity of 3.2 fb−1−1. Correlations of systematic uncertainties are taken into account when evaluating the uncertainties in the ratios. The correlation model is also used to evaluate the combined cross section of the Z → e++ e−− and the Z → μ++ μ−− channels for each s√s value. The results are compared to calculations performed at next-to-next-to-leading-order accuracy using recent sets of parton distribution functions. The data demonstrate significant power to constrain the gluon distribution function for the Bjorken-x values near 0.1 and the light-quark sea for x < 0.02.Библиогр.: 81 назв.

Ratios of top-quark pair to Z-boson cross sections measured from proton-proton collisions at the LHC centre-of-mass energies of s√=13s=13 TeV, 8 TeV, and 7 TeV are presented by the ATLAS Collaboration. Single ratios, at a given s√s for the two processes and at different s√s for each process, as well as double ratios of the two processes at different s√s , are evaluated. The ratios are constructed using previously published ATLAS measurements of the tt¯tt¯ and Z-boson production cross sections, corrected to a common phase space where required, and a new analysis of Z → ℓ++ℓ−− where ℓ = e, μ at s√=13s=13 TeV performed with data collected in 2015 with an integrated luminosity of 3.2 fb−1−1. Correlations of systematic uncertainties are taken into account when evaluating the uncertainties in the ratios. The correlation model is also used to evaluate the combined cross section of the Z → e++ e−− and the Z → μ++ μ−− channels for each s√s value. The results are compared to calculations performed at next-to-next-to-leading-order accuracy using recent sets of parton distribution functions. The data demonstrate significant power to constrain the gluon distribution function for the Bjorken-x values near 0.1 and the light-quark sea for x < 0.02.

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